Different Types of Lenses Out In The Market
A camera without the lens is like a cake without cream. The very basic tool you need for photography is the lens. Without a lens, you can only click white pictures. A lens is a tool that gathers light at a fixed point. Lenses are made up of two types of glasses, concave and convex.
The lens used in film cameras hits the light on the film strip, while in DSLRs and mirrorless cameras, it hits on a digital sensor. If you are new to photography, you might get suggestions to go for the camera with ‘kit lens’. They are quite easy and friendly for beginners with a focal length of 18-55 mm, and apertures vary from f3.5 to f5.6.
It works during your learning and practicing period but to get more out of your photography, experiment, and add more fun and creativity to your shots, and you need more than just a basic lens.
What should you look for before buying different types of lenses?
The distance between the optical center and the camera’s sensor is called focal length in photography. A shorter focal length captures the wider angle view with less magnification, while a longer focal length captures a narrow-angle view with greater magnification.
Aperture is like an opening for light to let in. It is expressed using the term ‘F’. A smaller number of ‘F’ means a large opening. A lens with a low f-number allows you to capture the picture with better exposure, even in low light conditions. Any lens with f2.8 or lower aperture is considered the professional lens.
Depth of field
In simple terms, the depth of field is the sharpness or blurriness around your focus’s subject. This can be adjusted using an aperture. A shallow depth of field means a small focus area used for portrait shots. A deep depth of field means a larger focus area, perfect for landscape shots.
types of lenses OUT IN the MARKET
1. Prime lens
You get the fixed focal lengths (50mm, 85mm, 100mm) in the prime lens. Prime lenses are sharp, fast and lightweight. They don’t have any moving mechanism or zoom feature. Their apertures are usually large. The simple build and easy handling prime lenses are good for crisp, clear, indoor and low-light photographs.
2. Zoom lens
You get a series of lenses to adjust different focal lengths in a single zoom lens. A single zoom lens can cover most of the ranges. You can slide it to zoom in and zoom out. They are more flexible but not as fast as prime ones. They are bulkier due to the extra glasses added. Zoom lenses are mostly preferred for travel photography.
3. Wide-angle lens
A wide-angle lens is perfect for capturing a large area in a single frame. With a wide-angle lens, you generally get an equal focus on everything in your picture. A wide-angle lens is a good choice for landscape and street photography. You get three classes in wide-angle lenses.
4. Regular wide-angle lens
A regular wide-angle lens has a focal length of less than 35mm. It can capture wide scenes with a large depth of field. You get good focus from foreground to background.
5. Ultra wide-angle lens
An ultra-wide-angle lens has a focal length of less than 20mm. The lens can stretch the perspective of the subject to capture ultra-wide shots. It can control barrel distortion and vignette. With an aperture of f/2.8, the ultra-wide lens is perfect for fast photography.
6. Fish-eye lens
A fish-eye lens can capture the images in a 180-degree radius. You get a focal length between 7 to 16 mm in a fish-eye lens. The fish-eye lens curves the straight lines to get a beautiful circular effect in your pictures.
7. Standard lens
Standard lenses are mostly preferred by photographers who want to capture things just as they appear to human eyes. These lenses are good for realistic photography. The focal length of the standard lens ranges from 35 mm to 50mm.
8. Macro lens
Macro lenses are designed to capture the details that are not easily caught by human eyes. These macro lens's magnification allows it to capture tiny details like patterns of flowers, head of bugs, etc. The focal length ranges from 50 mm to 200 mm. Macro lenses used to take close-up shots and nature photography.
9. Telephoto lens
A telephoto lens is used when you want more focus on your main subject. You get multiple focal points in this lens. The lens is good to focus the distant objects. The telephoto lens is commonly used for documentaries, portraits, sports and wildlife photography.
These are some of the basic and widely used lenses in photography. In addition to these types of lenses, there are some more advanced lenses like tilt-shift lenses, image stabilization lenses, infrared lenses also available in the market.
The selection of lenses depends on your requirement, creativity and the kind of pictures you want to capture. The guide includes all the necessary information to choose the right types of lenses for your camera. Happy Shopping!